On January 1, 2015, the Government of Canada launched the Express Entry economic immigration system, including the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
Under Express Entry, federal skilled workers in 347 eligible occupations who meet the minimum entry criteria submit an Expression of Interest in the Express Entry pool. The profiles of applicants in the pool are ranked by a Global Ranking System. The top-ranked applicants will be considered for an invitation to apply for permanent residence. Applicants who receive an invitation must submit a complete application within 90 days.
Federal Skilled Workers are persons with the appropriate education, work experience, age, and language skills in one of Canada’s official languages who are invited under the Express Entry Immigration System to apply for permanent residence.
To be eligible to create a profile in the Express Entry Pool as a Federal Skilled Worker, applicants must meet the following requirements:
1. One year of continuous full-time or equivalent part-time paid work experience, within the previous 10 years, in one of the 347 eligible occupations listed in the applicable National Occupational Classification; AND
2. Work experience must be classified as Skill Type 0 (management occupations), Skill Level A (professional occupations), or Skill Level B (technical occupations and skilled trades) as defined by the National Occupational Classification; AND
3. Have a sufficient score according to the Skilled Worker point grid, which includes six selection factors. The current pass mark is 67 points;
4. pass recognized language tests, and demonstrate intermediate-level language proficiency in English or French corresponding to the CLB 7 Canadian Language Benchmark;
5. have sufficient settlement funds in Canada;
6. successful completion of a background check and medical examination.
Under the new rules, qualified applicants will be assessed against six criteria to determine if they are eligible to immigrate to Canada. Applicants must accumulate a total of 67 points out of the 100 possible points to qualify. The selection criteria are :
.Level of education;
The new program is designed to select candidates with the best opportunity for economic establishment and contribution to Canada. It retains the criteria that existed previously while changing the relative importance and scoring of each individual selection criterion.
The selection criteria :
To be selected under the skilled worker program, applicants with the required work experience and language proficiency must meet a threshold of 67 points on the skilled worker selection grid, which awards points for education, language ability, work experience, age, arranged employment and adaptability.
Education – Maximum of 25 points
The maximum number of points awarded for education is 25, this amount being granted to doctorate holders. Foreign diplomas and trade certificates will be assessed by a designated third party to establish their Canadian equivalency and points will be awarded based on this equivalency.
Comparative Education Service: University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies
Canadian International Academic Document Evaluation Service
World Education Services
Medical Council of Canada
Language Proficiency – Threshold of 16 points, maximum of 28 points
Only candidates who can demonstrate proficiency in English or French at the Intermediate-Advanced level will be considered. Applicants who meet this requirement must score at least 16 points under this criterion. Superior language proficiency may be awarded up to 24 points.
The value of bilingualism is considered marginal to the successful integration of newcomers to Canada and the new scoring system limits the points awarded for a second official language to 4.
Work experience – 9 points cut-off, maximum 15 points
The new program requires a minimum of 1 year of experience and the maximum score is given for 6 years of experience.
Age – Maximum of 12 points
Candidates between the ages of 18 and 35 will receive up to 12 points. Each year above 35 will reduce the number of points awarded by 1 and no points will be awarded after the age of 47.
Arranged Employment – 0 or 10 points
Points will be awarded to those with a validated job offer in Canada. In order to standardize labour market validation processes and reduce processing times for employers and their potential employees, the “Arranged Employment Opinion process” will be replaced by the “Labour Market Opinion” (LMO) process that is currently used to process Canadian work permits.
In order to validate a job offer and obtain points under this criterion, the prospective employer of the immigration applicant must demonstrate to Human Resources and Skills Development Canada that the employment of the foreign worker will have a neutral or positive economic effect on the local labour market.
Applicants with a validated job offer will accumulate 10 points under this factor, and another 5 points under the adaptability selection criterion, for a total of 15 points.
Adaptability – Maximum of 10 points
Applicants who have at least one year of Canadian work experience in a managerial, professional, technical or skilled trade capacity will receive the maximum number of points under this criterion. As indicated above, a validated job offer will earn 5 adaptability points. Other circumstances that may result in points being awarded under this criterion are : A close adult relative lives in Canada; the applicant or his/her spouse has studied in Canada; the applicant’s spouse has previously worked in Canada; the applicant’s spouse is proficient in one of Canada’s official languages.